The consequence is that in such a state wealth is too highly valued, especially if the citizen fall under the dominion of their wives It's very, very clear that the dependance is economic. Many texts even see such preferences as inborn qualities and as "essential aspects of human identity The Greeks themselves were hardly coy about it. These were the Boys who were escorted to the gymnasium by the slave paidagogoi and followed around at a distance by a pack of admirers. The Sacred Band was stationed in Cadmea as a standing force, likely as defense against future attempts by foreign forces to take the citadel. Suddenly he realised that "practically everything said during the last few centuries about the psychology, ethics and sociology of Greek homosexuality was confused and misleading". The Thebans attributed to the Sacred Band the power of Thebes for the generation before its fall to Philip II of Macedonwho was so impressed with their bravery during battle, he erected a monument that still stands today on their gravesite.
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The Sacred Band of Thebes: an elite unit of the Theban army consisting of 150 pairs of male lovers
Also worth bearing in mind is that no historical account is left by the Spartans themselves, what we know comes mainly from their archenemy Athens who wouldn't be likely to paint a flattering picture and would interpret Spartan society through their own culture, like for example pederasty, as Xenophon himself notes. He then placed the non-combatants directly behind the defenders of Elateia. By century 19th century 20th century 21st century. Gorgidas and the Sacred Band occupied the front ranks of the Theban forces on the right, while Chabrias and an experienced force of mercenary hoplites occupied the front ranks of the Athenian forces on the left. As I remarked in my previous post, Xenophon is well known for having a Spartan bias in his narrative.
How Whiskey Law Shaped America. University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Plato seems to have changed his mind over the years, some of his earlier dialogues he talked about lovers ability resist tyranny. According to Pausanias c. The World of Athens: According to the British classical scholar Sir Kenneth Doverthis was a clear allusion to the Sacred Band, reflecting Xenophon's contemporary awareness of the Theban practice, albeit anachronistic as the dramatic date of the work itself is c.